Hebrew Bible The Classification:
Hebrew bible – English readers are familiar with the classifications and order of the Old Testament in the English bible. The divisions are the Law of Moses, the Historical Books, the Poetical Books, and lastly the Prophets. The Jews of today and in the days of Christ, however had a different structure and order. The major divisions were the Law, the Prophets and the Psalms or Writings (see Luke 24:27, 44).
Can as well read account of the book of Second Samuel HERE
Hebrew Bible – The Law:
The law contains the books of Moses, which present the beginnings of the world and of the covenant people of Israel. God is presented as the Creator of the material universe. Then more specifically as the Creator of the people that bear His name. Moses received the family histories (see Genesis 2:4, 5:1, 10:1) that had been passed down from the various faithful of mankind through the father of Israel, Abraham.
Moses probably used these to write the Genesis account. And plus the oral tradition which surely would have come through the children of God in bondage in Egypt. As regards to their heritage and the acts of their leaders. The majority of the remainder of the Pentateuch (the five books) would have been concurrent with Moses own life and experience.
Hebrew Bible – The Prophets:
The Hebrew Scriptures list the Prophets as Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings (“the former Prophets”). Also in the list are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the twelve Minor Prophets (“the Latter Prophets”). The inclusion of so many books in this category comes about because the Hebrews correctly understood prophecy to be forthtelling from God as well as forthtelling. Moreover, the term “prophets” stands over an entire portion of sacred text even if part of the section might not be predictive in nature.
The books of Samuel and Kings for example, are called Prophets even though their content is largely historical. The Prophets set forth the word of God to the covenant people regarding His promises to them. Including their duty to obey the Law given through Moses. In addition, the stories tell of men like Elijah and Elisha as well as the rising star of Israel, David, whom Peter tells us was a Prophet (Acts 2:30).
The Writings In The Hebrew Bible:
The writings were sometimes broadly called “the Psalms”. And it consists of Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Songs of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles. (Songs of Solomon through Esther are termed “The Five Scrolls.”). These portions of the Hebrew Bible contain the devotional and wisdom literature of Israel. It as well contains some historical and prophetic material. Non-poetic books that are relatively late chronologically find their place among the Writings in the Hebrew canon.
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